Texture- An element of the Arts
A valuable element in the artist’s codebook is texture because it engages another sense besides sight. Texture is “tactile,” that is, it appeals to our sense of touch.
Texture: homophonic, Polyphonic, Monophonic
Simultaneous performance of two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest produces the texture called polyphonic, meaning having many sounds. In polyphony several melodic lines compete for attention. (When several jazz musicians improvise different melodies at once, they produce polyphony.)
The technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole is called counterpoint.
The term contrapuntal texture is sometimes used in place of polyphonic texture
Polyphonic music often contains imitation, which occurs when a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and is then restated immediately by another voice or instrument.
Homophonic Texture: When we hear one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is homophonic.
Monophonic Texture: When we hear one main melody without accompaniment, the texture is monophonic.